Emotions, Stress, and Health

Integrating Smartphone Technology in Behavioral Healthcare

With smartphone ownership quickly becoming commonplace in many countries, the number of available applications (apps) has continued to soar.  A growing number of these, according to Luxton, McCann, Bush, Mishkind, and Reger (2011), are designed to facilitate mental health education, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment. Examples include apps that track symptoms and if indicated offer a [...]

Mindfulness Predicts Less Texting While Driving

Large numbers of young adults text while driving. Feldman, Greeson, Renna, and Robbins-Monteith conducted research aimed at identifying individual differences that might predict this dangerous, and often illegal, behavior. These authors hypothesized that texting-while-driving might be inversely correlated with mindfulness, a tendency to intentionally attend to present moment internal and external experiences. They reviewed previous [...]

Ironic Effects of Dietary Supplementation

One might expect that the increased availability of dietary supplements would result in improvements in public health. Chiou, Yang, and Wan (2011) suggested that the opposite might occur. They hypothesized that taking a dietary supplement might increase one’s sense of invulnerability and thus lead to taking greater health risks. Eighty-two Taiwanese participants were asked to [...]

Income Inequality and Happiness

Over the past few decades, the level of income inequality between social classes in the United States has grown significantly. Although previous psychological research has investigated the relationship between income and happiness, there has been little attention to the relationship between income inequality and happiness. Oishi, Kesebir, and Diener (2011) hypothesized that psychological factors (perceptions [...]

Loosening the Link between Childhood Poverty and Adolescent Smoking and Obesity

Poverty is often associated with elevated health risks, such as a higher body mass index (BMI) and increased smoking behavior. Evans and Kutcher (2011) hypothesized that the negative effects of poverty on adolescent health may be reduced by sufficient social capital. In this study, social capital was defined as (1) Community cohesion — social ties [...]