Gender

Why Are So Few Women Attracted to STEM Careers?

Women are entering such male-dominated fields as law, medicine, and business in record numbers. Yet the gender imbalance in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers has been slow to change. Diekman and colleagues (2011) proposed that the answer lies in women’s communal goals and beliefs about how to achieve those goals. The authors cited [...]

Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk

African American adolescents are at increased risk for violence exposure, which includes being the victim of violence as well as witnessing violence. Wilson and colleagues (2012) observed that few studies have addressed the impact of violence exposure on African American girls. They were particularly interested in the relationship between violence exposure and sexual health, since [...]

Children of Lesbian and Gay Parents

Legal and policy debates concerning adoption, foster care, and custody by lesbian and gay parents have focused on three primary areas of concern about child development. These include the development of gender identity (the individual’s sense of being female or male), the development of gender roles (behavior that conforms to norms about how women and [...]

Queen-Bee Policewomen

Derks, Van Laar, Ellemers, and de Groot (2011) investigated the behavior of “queen-bees.” This term refers to successful women in male dominated workplaces who distance themselves from, and are not supportive of, other female employees. Although queen-bee behavior has been viewed as contributing to discrimination against women in the workplace, the authors hypothesized that instead [...]

Gender Differences in Combat-Related Stressors

The literature on exposure to noncombat trauma (such as assaults and accidents) tends to show women at higher risk for mental health problems. This study investigated the effects of combat exposure for 2,000 female and male service members who had returned from deployment to Afghanistan or Iraq within the previous year. Participants were administered a [...]

Being a Numerical Minority in a Male-Dominated Profession

How have the small, but growing, number of women in math and engineering coped with the social identity threat that accompanies minority status? Richman, vanDellen, and Wood investigated factors associated with women’s resilience in male-dominated academic environments. The authors hypothesized that female engineers would be less sensitive to social identity threat than women in disciplines [...]