Learning

Racial Profiling May Increase Transgressions by Whites

There is much evidence of racial profiling in the United States, targeting African Americans and Latino/as in particular. According to Hackney and Glaser (2013, p.1), racial profiling occurs when members of specific groups are “subjected to stops and searches by police at rates disproportionate to their representation in the population and their rates of offending.” [...]

Failing to Learn from Experience about Catastrophes

How do people make decisions about protecting themselves from low-probability, high-consequence events like earthquakes and hurricanes? According to Meyer (2012), anecdotal evidence suggests that we have a short memory for the results of such disasters. For example, although the purchase of flood insurance policies increased dramatically immediately following Hurricane Katrina, the rate quickly dropped to [...]

How Effective are Mentoring Programs for Youth?

According to DuBois, Portillo, Rhodes, Silverthorn, and Valentine (2011) there has been a dramatic increase in the number of, and funding for, mentoring programs over the past decade. In order to investigate the effectiveness of these programs, these authors conducted a meta-analysis of 73 studies evaluating mentoring initiatives for children and adolescents. They found that [...]

Preschools Reduce Early Academic Achievement Gaps

Despite documented associations between social class and school quality, children from impoverished backgrounds still stand to benefit from preschool education. In fact, studies have shown that children from low-income homes may obtain greater gains from preschool during the year before kindergarten than do higher income children. Tucker-Drob (2012) sought to determine whether differences between children [...]

College Students’ Social Justice Interest

Social justice researchers have investigated the factors that result in disparities as well as strategies to facilitate equal access to rights and resources.  Few studies have explored factors associated with the development of attitudes about social justice advocacy.  Miller, Sendrowitz, Connacher, Blanco, Muñiz de la Peña, Bernardi, and Morere (2009) investigated interest in, and commitment [...]

Time Discounting Predicts Creditworthiness

Investigations continue into the institutional and situational causes of the subprime mortgage crisis in the United States. Meier and Sprenger (2012) wondered if there might also be an individual difference component to this crisis that could help predict the decision to default on one’s loan. In a survey of 437 low- and moderate-income adults, they [...]