Mental Health

Reducing Gun Access for Veterans at Risk for Suicide

According to Walters, Kulkarni, Forman, Roeder, Travis, and Valenstein (2012), suicides among U.S. veterans have reached critical levels with respective rates for female and male Veterans 87% and 66% higher than the general population. In response to research indicating that access to firearms is an important risk factor for suicide among Veterans, these authors questioned [...]

Appropriate Psychosocial Support in International Emergencies

When international disasters hit, well-meaning U.S. psychologists are often eager to volunteer to provide aid. Unfortunately, this process of “parachuting” may cause unintended harm, according to Peace Psychology expert, Michael Wessells (2009). These psychologists often have no experience in international emergencies, little understanding of the local culture, and no relationship with agencies or individuals in [...]

Living with the Chronic Threat of Terrorism

With the goal of identifying the coping strategies used by individuals who face the chronic threat of terrorism, Dickstein and colleagues (2012) administered a structured telephone interview to Israeli citizens living near the Gaza border – a region that is frequently the target of rocket and mortar attacks. Seven coping factors were identified and the [...]

Increasing Mental Health Literacy

Public education campaigns focusing on physical conditions, such as HIV, obesity, and stroke, are widespread. Yet similar efforts are lacking when it comes to knowledge about mental illness. According to Jorm (2012), survey data from several countries show insufficient knowledge about recognizing, preventing, and treating mental health problems, including “knowledge of effective self-help strategies for [...]

Effects of Hearing Status on Loneliness and Depression in Older Adults

Hearing loss, one of the most common chronic conditions in older adults, has been associated with a variety of social and emotional difficulties. These include anxiety, perceived loss of control, mood changes, feelings of frustration, and low self-worth. Previous research investigating the association between hearing loss and loneliness and depression have produced inconsistent results. Pronk [...]

Psychologists Helping People Without Homes

In response to an APA call for psychologists to work toward ending homelessness, Rogers and colleagues (2012) created a project in which they collaborated with a neighborhood homeless shelter and trained graduate students to provide psychological assessments to individuals without homes. These assessments were used to support applications for benefits. The authors encountered several difficulties [...]

Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk

African American adolescents are at increased risk for violence exposure, which includes being the victim of violence as well as witnessing violence. Wilson and colleagues (2012) observed that few studies have addressed the impact of violence exposure on African American girls. They were particularly interested in the relationship between violence exposure and sexual health, since [...]

Adolescents Living the 24/7 Lifestyle

Calamaro, Mason, and Ratcliffe (2009) investigated the association between technology use, caffeine intake, and sleep behaviors in adolescents. The authors noted that sleep duration has decreased markedly for adolescents over the past 40 years and that insufficient sleep in that age group has been linked to a variety of psychological and physical health problems, ranging [...]

Military Youth and the Deployment Cycle

Esposito-Smythers and colleagues (2011) reviewed empirical studies of the effects of parents’ deployment on military youth. According to these authors, three fifths of deployed U.S. service members have spouses and/or children and over two million children have been affected by wartime deployments since the start of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom. [...]

Human Trafficking Victims and the Child Welfare System

In recent years there has been increased attention to child sexual exploitation worldwide. In the United States, federal and local services for victims of human trafficking were expanded following the passage of the Trafficking and Violence Protection Acts of 2000 and 2008. Yet these services are designed primarily for adults. Fong and Berger Cardoso (2010) [...]