Poverty and Homelessness

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women U.S. Military Veterans

According to Dichter, Wagner, Borrero, Broyles, and Montgomery (2017), the rate of homelessness among female veterans is higher than for their male counterparts or for female or male nonveterans. In response to the lack of data available on the risk factors contributing to female veteran homelessness, these authors surveyed 554 women receiving care from the [...]

The Effects of the Recession on Child Development

The “Great Recession” of 2007-2009 brought decreases in real household income as well as sharp increases in unemployment, home foreclosures, and rates of food insecurity. Kalil (2013) reviewed empirical studies of the effects of the economic downturn on children’s development. Among key findings were: (1) Young people whose parents experienced job loss were more likely [...]

Psychologists Helping People Without Homes

In response to an APA call for psychologists to work toward ending homelessness, Rogers and colleagues (2012) created a project in which they collaborated with a neighborhood homeless shelter and trained graduate students to provide psychological assessments to individuals without homes. These assessments were used to support applications for benefits. The authors encountered several difficulties [...]

Preschools Reduce Early Academic Achievement Gaps

Despite documented associations between social class and school quality, children from impoverished backgrounds still stand to benefit from preschool education. In fact, studies have shown that children from low-income homes may obtain greater gains from preschool during the year before kindergarten than do higher income children. Tucker-Drob (2012) sought to determine whether differences between children [...]

Successful Truancy Intervention in an Urban High School

Truancy is a significant problem in U. S. schools, with male students in urban schools most likely to miss school. Research has shown that truant behavior is a strong predictor of dropping out of high school. Nationwide, fewer than three quarters of students graduate from high school, and in urban high schools in low income [...]

Childhood Violence Exposure and Disability

Disability and childhood exposure to violence are interconnected.  Children with disabilities are more likely than nondisabled children to experience violence.  Those with behavioral disorders and language impairments experience the highest rates of abuse.  In addition, children who experience violence are more likely to become disabled. For example, up to one quarter of childhood brain injuries [...]

Loosening the Link between Childhood Poverty and Adolescent Smoking and Obesity

Poverty is often associated with elevated health risks, such as a higher body mass index (BMI) and increased smoking behavior. Evans and Kutcher (2011) hypothesized that the negative effects of poverty on adolescent health may be reduced by sufficient social capital. In this study, social capital was defined as (1) Community cohesion — social ties [...]