Psychological Disorders and Therapy

Severe Mental Illness and Firearm Access

In the United States, severe mental illness is frequently cited as a primary cause of mass shootings and high rates of gun violence. Miranda Lynne Baumann and Brent Teasdale (2018) investigated this relationship by comparing rates of gun violence among 255 recently discharged psychiatric patients and a matched group of 490 community residents. These authors [...]

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women U.S. Military Veterans

According to Dichter, Wagner, Borrero, Broyles, and Montgomery (2017), the rate of homelessness among female veterans is higher than for their male counterparts or for female or male nonveterans. In response to the lack of data available on the risk factors contributing to female veteran homelessness, these authors surveyed 554 women receiving care from the [...]

Strategies for Delivering Mental Health Services to Low Resource Communities

According to the World Health Organization, there is a vastly unmet need for mental health services worldwide. This need cannot be adequately addressed by the dominant model of care in which highly trained mental health professionals provide individual therapy. Kazdin and Rabbitt (2013) have outlined several alternative strategies for delivering mental health services to low [...]

Reducing Gun Access for Veterans at Risk for Suicide

According to Walters, Kulkarni, Forman, Roeder, Travis, and Valenstein (2012), suicides among U.S. veterans have reached critical levels with respective rates for female and male Veterans 87% and 66% higher than the general population. In response to research indicating that access to firearms is an important risk factor for suicide among Veterans, these authors questioned [...]

Appropriate Psychosocial Support in International Emergencies

When international disasters hit, well-meaning U.S. psychologists are often eager to volunteer to provide aid. Unfortunately, this process of “parachuting” may cause unintended harm, according to Peace Psychology expert, Michael Wessells (2009). These psychologists often have no experience in international emergencies, little understanding of the local culture, and no relationship with agencies or individuals in [...]

Increasing Mental Health Literacy

Public education campaigns focusing on physical conditions, such as HIV, obesity, and stroke, are widespread. Yet similar efforts are lacking when it comes to knowledge about mental illness. According to Jorm (2012), survey data from several countries show insufficient knowledge about recognizing, preventing, and treating mental health problems, including “knowledge of effective self-help strategies for [...]

Psychologists Helping People Without Homes

In response to an APA call for psychologists to work toward ending homelessness, Rogers and colleagues (2012) created a project in which they collaborated with a neighborhood homeless shelter and trained graduate students to provide psychological assessments to individuals without homes. These assessments were used to support applications for benefits. The authors encountered several difficulties [...]

Military Youth and the Deployment Cycle

Esposito-Smythers and colleagues (2011) reviewed empirical studies of the effects of parents’ deployment on military youth. According to these authors, three fifths of deployed U.S. service members have spouses and/or children and over two million children have been affected by wartime deployments since the start of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom. [...]

Human Trafficking Victims and the Child Welfare System

In recent years there has been increased attention to child sexual exploitation worldwide. In the United States, federal and local services for victims of human trafficking were expanded following the passage of the Trafficking and Violence Protection Acts of 2000 and 2008. Yet these services are designed primarily for adults. Fong and Berger Cardoso (2010) [...]

Perceived Racism and Mental Health Among Black Americans

To investigate the relationship between perceived racism and well-being, Pieterse, Todd, Neville, and Carter (2012) conducted a meta-analysis of 66 peer-reviewed studies published between 1996 and 2011 that involved a total of 18,140 Black American adults. Individuals who reported more exposure to racism and who appraised these incidents as more stressful were more likely to [...]