Race/Ethnicity

Why Do Immigrants Stay in Communities with Harsh Immigration Laws?

Tough immigration laws have been passed in several states in recent years, including Arizona, Alabama, South Carolina, and Utah. These laws include such provisions as restricting unauthorized immigrants’ access to education and health services and authorizing police to demand papers proving citizenship from individuals they suspect of being in the country unlawfully. According to Valdez [...]

Racial Profiling May Increase Transgressions by Whites

There is much evidence of racial profiling in the United States, targeting African Americans and Latino/as in particular. According to Hackney and Glaser (2013, p.1), racial profiling occurs when members of specific groups are “subjected to stops and searches by police at rates disproportionate to their representation in the population and their rates of offending.” [...]

Native Land Reclamation: Predicting Motivation to Participate in Collective Action

In order to predict whether individuals will join in collective action, most psychological studies turn to social identity theory. According to this approach, people are more likely to join in collective action if they have a strong collective identity, particularly if their group is perceived as threatened in some way. Giguère, Lalonde, and Jonsson (2012) [...]

Racism in the Electronic Age: Online Forum Comments on Native-Themed Mascots

According to Steinfeldt (2010) and colleagues, as public expression of racism has become less socially acceptable, online forums have become an alternative venue for voicing racist sentiments. The authors focused this study on a content analysis of comments in a forum dealing with Native-themed sports mascots. This particular forum originated in response to a series [...]

Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk

African American adolescents are at increased risk for violence exposure, which includes being the victim of violence as well as witnessing violence. Wilson and colleagues (2012) observed that few studies have addressed the impact of violence exposure on African American girls. They were particularly interested in the relationship between violence exposure and sexual health, since [...]

Stereotype Threat in Criminal Investigations

Research on racial disparities in law enforcement indicates that African Americans are disproportionately targeted as suspects, interrogated, and wrongfully convicted. Evidence also suggests that people of color are more likely than Whites to have falsely confessed to crimes. Najdowski (2011) reviewed literature related to the potential role of stereotype threat in these false confessions. In [...]

Cultural Socialization in Transracial Adoption

Growing numbers of adoptions have been transracial and international. In previous research on transracial adoption, the use of cultural socialization practices was found to be positively correlated with children’s adjustment, sense of belongingness with parents, self-esteem, racial/ethnic identity development, and ability to cope with discrimination.  These practices may range from those that involve little contact [...]

Effects of Manifest Ethnic Identification on Discrimination

Laboratory studies conducted with fictitious targets have found higher levels of discrimination toward individuals who show signs of strong identification with an ethnic group. Barron, Hebl, and King (2011) tested these findings using a field study with actual interpersonal interactions.  The hypothesized that in a real world employment situation, employers would be concerned about impression [...]

Do Defense Attorney Referrals for Competence to Stand Trial Evaluations Depend on Whether the Client Speaks English or Spanish?

According to Varela, Boccaccini, Gonzalez, Gharagozloo, and Johnson (2011), approximately 60,000 competency to stand trial (CST) evaluations are held each year in the United States, making it the most common forensic mental health evaluation conducted. This evaluation determines whether the defendant has a degree of rational and factual understanding sufficient to consult with a lawyer [...]