Social Class

The Effects of the Recession on Child Development

The “Great Recession” of 2007-2009 brought decreases in real household income as well as sharp increases in unemployment, home foreclosures, and rates of food insecurity. Kalil (2013) reviewed empirical studies of the effects of the economic downturn on children’s development. Among key findings were: (1) Young people whose parents experienced job loss were more likely [...]

A Social Cognitive Model of the Digital Divide

In a world where educational and employment opportunities are increasingly tied to computer use, unequal access to information technology – known as the digital divide – is a significant public policy issue. Efforts to address this problem often focus on increasing access to public computers in schools and libraries. Yet, little is known about the [...]

Income Inequality and Happiness

Over the past few decades, the level of income inequality between social classes in the United States has grown significantly. Although previous psychological research has investigated the relationship between income and happiness, there has been little attention to the relationship between income inequality and happiness. Oishi, Kesebir, and Diener (2011) hypothesized that psychological factors (perceptions [...]

Loosening the Link between Childhood Poverty and Adolescent Smoking and Obesity

Poverty is often associated with elevated health risks, such as a higher body mass index (BMI) and increased smoking behavior. Evans and Kutcher (2011) hypothesized that the negative effects of poverty on adolescent health may be reduced by sufficient social capital. In this study, social capital was defined as (1) Community cohesion — social ties [...]