Terrorism and War

Reducing Gun Access for Veterans at Risk for Suicide

According to Walters, Kulkarni, Forman, Roeder, Travis, and Valenstein (2012), suicides among U.S. veterans have reached critical levels with respective rates for female and male Veterans 87% and 66% higher than the general population. In response to research indicating that access to firearms is an important risk factor for suicide among Veterans, these authors questioned [...]

Living with the Chronic Threat of Terrorism

With the goal of identifying the coping strategies used by individuals who face the chronic threat of terrorism, Dickstein and colleagues (2012) administered a structured telephone interview to Israeli citizens living near the Gaza border – a region that is frequently the target of rocket and mortar attacks. Seven coping factors were identified and the [...]

Military Youth and the Deployment Cycle

Esposito-Smythers and colleagues (2011) reviewed empirical studies of the effects of parents’ deployment on military youth. According to these authors, three fifths of deployed U.S. service members have spouses and/or children and over two million children have been affected by wartime deployments since the start of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom. [...]

Resilient Afghan Women Coping with Violence and Immigration

Exposure to war-related violence is a common experience of Afghan women who immigrate to the United States. Although previous research has identified detrimental effects of war-related trauma and displacement on survivors’ mental health, other studies have demonstrated resilience and successful coping strategies.  Welsh and Brodsky (2010) used a mental health checklist and conducted qualitative individual [...]

Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Victimization in the Military

According to Burks (2011), the provisions of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” (DADT) have made it challenging to study its effects. DADT (December 1993 – September 2011) barred openly lesbian, gay, or bisexual individuals from military service while at the same time requiring that military officials not initiate investigations of a servicemember’s sexual orientation without sufficient [...]

Gender Differences in Combat-Related Stressors

The literature on exposure to noncombat trauma (such as assaults and accidents) tends to show women at higher risk for mental health problems. This study investigated the effects of combat exposure for 2,000 female and male service members who had returned from deployment to Afghanistan or Iraq within the previous year. Participants were administered a [...]

Terrorism Salience Increases Authoritarian Parenting

The threat of terrorism has become increasingly salient in Western societies following the 2001 World Trade Center attacks, the 2004 Madrid train bombings, and the 2005 London bombings. Previous research has indicated that perceived threat increases authoritarian attitudes, such as intolerance, conforming to authority, and aggression toward violators of social norms. Fischer and colleagues investigated [...]